About Patna Science College

Patna Science College, a constituent unit of Patna University, was established in 1927. Initially it was opened as the Science Department of Patna University. It began functioning independently from 1928 when its foundation stone was laid by Lord Irwin on 15 November 1928. Since then Patna Science College has been recognized as a Premier Institution of higher learning in science stream in India. The College is centrally located in Patna, the capital of Bihar, occupying an area of approximately 28.32 acres of land containing separate blocks for different science departments. The College offers B.Sc. Honours in Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Physics, Statistics and Zoology. Apart from the usual B.Sc. Honours courses, it also imparts teaching in various Vocational and Professional courses under self-financing scheme that include B.Sc. Honours in Bio-technology, B.Sc. Honours in Computer Applications – popularly known as the BCA ...course, B.Sc. Honours in Environmental Science. Though primarily a science teaching institute, Patna Science College has always had a full-fledged language teaching unit comprising Hindi and English Departments right since its inception. Each department also has facilities for conducting research in respective subjects.



From Editor-in-Chief Desk

It is a rare and delightful experience for me to present before the true lovers of Science, the 8th volume of the Journal of Patna Science College which has a rich tradition of inspiring research activities in different areas of science and in interdisciplinary scientific domains of contemporary significance.

I, optimistically believe that the Journal will inspire the young and celebrated academicians alike for undertaking valuable research programmes in the frontline of National Scientific Mission.

Opinions expressed and data presented in the Journal are not those of editors or the Colleges/University but of the individual contributors. No part of this volume may be reproduced in any manner without the written permission of the editors.